Our Modus Operandi for the rest of the march was to escape from a column during the night and try to scrounge some food or trade a woolen sweater, watch, etc. for food. We would often, for example, get a loaf of bread, eat half and trade the other half to our comrades for a watch, some woolen goods or anything tradable. We would go into a village or town and find the people had little or no food to trade. It was always women or old people who came to the door. Quite a few times I can recall elderly people showing us their cupboards which contained only a few potatoes, turnip or a bit of bread, so they had nothing to trade. Mem's ability to speak good German made these excursions possible.

We were getting in desperate condition, health wise. Diarrhea developed into dysentery. We were filthy and so were our clothes. We were lousy but seemed to have no fleas so I guess these pests couldn't cohabitate. Food was very little or non-existent. Sleeping in barns or in the open with only a thin blanket caused colds and sickness. We continued to see Jews and Russian POW column's. Both of these groups were worse off than us. I recall passing a column of Jewish women from some Balkan country. One of our men tossed over a toque or a scarf to the women. The woman who grabbed it was butt-ended with a rifle by one of the guards. There was deep snow and it was bitter cold so I don't know how these women could survive.

Some of the town names I remember were Gorlitz, Bautzen, Zeitz, Jena, Erfurt and Duderstadt where I was liberated by the U.S. Army. We swung South quite a bit because we marched for about ten days through the Carpethian Mountains, actually they were really hills and they reminded me of the foothills West of Okotoks.

As we marched West and Spring approached the cold became less of a problem. Dysentery became more of a problem. If I got a potato I would roast it until it was practically charcoal and then eat it. I developed a large and very painful sore on one of my heals. Mem talked one of the guards into letting me ride on the sick wagon for a day. It would have about six POWs and the guards kit bags on it. There was one Russian POW who was all puffed up. If he pushed a finger into his flesh the indent stayed for a long time. The poor fellow was in horrible pain.

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