When I left Lancashire to return to Bournemouth, I recall the train being quite chilly but when I got to Bournemouth the weather was much milder. I spent some more time in Bournemouth. Then I was posted to Cranwell in Lincolnshire on the East Coast of England. It was a huge peace time R.A.F. station. The food seemed to consist of brussel sprouts and more brussel sprouts. We slept in a barracks and it was so cold and damp that we put on our flying outfits and slept in them. The only place where it was comfortably warm was the cinema in the neighboring towns.

At Cranwell we took additional wireless training, aircraft recognition, etc. Also while at Cranwell I recall going to nearby Grantham, with either Duffy or Dawdy whom I had been with since Brandon days. At Cranwell we met two girls and we had a pleasant time in one of the pubs. My girl, Robin, was quite taken with me she said I looked like an American movie star. I never saw her again. I found the people to be very friendly and always willing to chat with you and they were generally interested in what part of Canada you were from.

After Cranwell, I was sent to a holding centre for air crews while awaiting openings at (O.T.U.'s) Operational Training Units. While there the Wireless Operators (me) were required to practice daily to keep up our Morse code. Some of us complained because the other air crews didn't have to do anything. At this time the R.A.F. were bringing in B.A.'s (Bomb Aimer) and the W.O.G.'s were asked if we wanted to transfer to become B.A.'s. So a number of us switched over. We could also fill in for the W.O.G. if he was killed or incapacitated in action. Prior to this the observer (navigator) dropped the bombs. This was often a hurry up job as he left his navigating to aim and drop the bombs. It was believed a bomb-aimer could get better accuracy, as the B.A. was also the front gunner he was able to map read to locate the target. At this time bombing was still a visual operation, always on nights with moonlight. The best nights were full moon nights, and this of course made it easy for the night fighters to locate us. But in war you have to weigh alternatives and choose the best, generally at the expense of manpower.

If you were under attack and suffering aircraft damage, the bombs were jettisoned (dropped without a bomb run and over the general target area). Under these circumstances it is better for the B.A. to stay in the front turret and man the machine guns and look out for night fighters. A damaged aircraft less its bomb load could sometimes make it back to England.

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